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SAT考点 | 汇总SAT阅读高分系列之词汇题讲解一

编辑时间:2019-04-04 13:33:12 信息来源: 杭州环球教育

SAT考试难,对于大部分同学来说最难的部分莫过于词汇题,环球教育北美考试院侯宇飞老师在收集和分析一定数量的学生成绩单分析后,发现不管是低分还是高分或者可能已经考过1500的同学,错误的题目仍然集中在词汇部分也就是官方对于“word in context”题型的简称。那么词汇题为什么难?难在什么地方?


侯老师会在后面的内容中系统给出SAT词汇题的解决办法。

考SAT的同学大部分还需要考托福,托福的词汇很简单,认识即能做对,这里找两道托福的词汇题大家先熟悉过渡一下:

Q1:The word “modify” in the passage is closet in meaning to

A.obtain

B.change

C.replace

D.absorb

Q2:The word “drastically” in the passage is closet in meaning to

A.gradually

B.permanently

C.extensively

D.possibly

上面两道题目就是托福考试真实难度的题目,答案分别为B和C。是不是只要认识就能题干的词汇和选项的词汇基本就能做对?

是的。托福词汇题的难度就在于你把一些常考的词汇的常规意思认识即可做对该题目。那么SAT词汇不是也需要认识单词什么意思吗?

是的,需要认识,对于SAT词汇的考查回从涉及如下几个层面的考试。

例1.Different laws,customs,and opinions exists in the different states,which by a uniform system of laws would be unreasonably invaded(可汗学院 Federal farmer)

In line 35”invaded” most nearly means

A.Infringed

B.Usurped

C.Trespassed

D.permeated

解析:这种题型是SAT词汇题目里面最简单的一种题型了,问什么?因为这道题目只是在考查“invade”的基本含义“侵犯”,四个选项如果能认识或者起码能认识三个,我们就可以知道这道题目选A。

这道题目的难度就在词汇量,那么顺便说一下,SAT的词汇大概需要多少呢?

根据侯老师多年的教学理解,如果SAT要取得1400的话或者阅读拿到350分的话起码需要10000-12000左右的词汇量,如果更高分则需要达到12000-15000左右的词汇量水平。

上述题目只给到了大家SAT词汇题最简单的一类型题目,及单纯考查词汇量水平。

接下来我们接着看词汇考查的第二大类:近义词区分

例2.I am weighing my words when i say that you here,who do your work weoo in bringing to completion this great enterprise,and will stand exactly as the soldiers of s few ,and only a few ,of the most famous armies of all the nations stand in history.(可汗学院)

As used in the line 21,”enterprise”most nearly means

A.Establishment

B.Business

C.Invention

D.undertaking

上面这道题目词汇并不难,但是难在考查近义词词汇之间的区别,这道题目的答案暂不公布,下期内容给出,大家可以先试着做一下这个题目,感受一下难度。

如果你已经感觉到SAT词汇的难度的话,我们接下来真正给到我个人认为比较难的另外一大类词汇题及第三类,那么这类题目考查什么呢?

考查逻辑或者推理,这个层面词汇题的考查难度的接近GRE verbal 及GRE词汇题的难度,这样我们先给大家几道例题,供大家尝试和分析。

例3.Akira came directly, breaking all tradition. Was that it? Had he followed form—had he asked his mother to speak to his father to approach a go-between—would been more receptive!(OG)

5 (65) I ask directly because the use of a go-between takes much time.

5 As used in line and line 65,“directly" most nearly means

A.frankly.

B.confidently.

C.without mediation.

D.with precision.

例4.People object to the demands of those whom they choose to call the strong-minded, because they say “the right of suffrage will make the women masculine.” That is just the difficulty in which we are involved today. Though disfranchised, we have few women in the best sense; we have simply so many reflections, varieties, and dilutions of the masculine gender.(OG)

As used in line I9,“demands" most nearly means

A.offers.

B.claims.

C.inquiries.

D.desires.

例5.As used in line 36, “best” most nearly means

A.superior.

B.excellent.

C.genuine.

D.rarest.

例3-例5就是属于考查逻辑或者推理的题型,SAT词汇题的逻辑推理有两大模式,下节课接着讲解这两大推理题型,这里先给出例3,例4和例5的答案,分别为:1,3,1.为什么,大家可以结合这3道题目进行分析和归纳。


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